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(10) Whenever a building or structure, used or intended to be used for dwelling purposes, because of
inadequate maintenance, dilapidation, decay, damage, faulty construction or arrangement, inadequate
light, air, or sanitation facilities, or otherwise, is found to be unsanitary, unfit for human habitation, or in
such a condition that is likely to cause sickness or disease; chan robles virtual law library
(11) Whenever any building or structure, because of obsolescence, dilapidated, condition, deterioration,
damage, inadequate exists, lack of sufficient fire-resistive construction, or other cause, is found to be a
(12) Whenever any portion of a building or structure remains on a site after demolition or destruction of the
building or structure is abandoned for a period in excess of six months, so as to constitute a nuisance or
hazard to the public;
(13) Whenever any building or structure is in such a condition as to constitute a public nuisance defined in
Article 694 and 695 of the Civil Code of the Philippines.
(c) Abatement of Dangerous Buildings. In all cases of dangerous buildings, except those covered by
Article 482 and 694 to 707 of the Civil Code of the Philippines, the Building Official shall order their repair,
vacation, or demolition in accordance with the following procedure:
(1) Where the dangerous building can reasonably be repaired such that it will no longer be dangerous, it
shall be ordered repaired;
(2) Where the dangerous building is such that to repair it would cost more than 50 per cent of the current
to replacement cost of the building, it shall be repaired or demolished at the opinion of the owner;
(3) Where the dangerous building poses an immediate threat to life, limb, or property, it shall be vacated
immediately, then repaired or demolished in accordance with subparagraphs (1) or (2) herein.
SECTION 1.01.09. Alternate or new Design, Material, Method of Construction, or Workmanship; Tests:
(a) Any design, material, method of construction, or workmanship not specifically included in this Code
may be used: Provided, That such alternate or new design, material, method of construction, or
workmanship is at least the equivalent of those prescribed in this Code in effectiveness.
(b) Tests for design, materials, method of construction, or workmanship shall be prescribed by the
Secretary of Public Works and Communication in appropriate rules and regulations therefor.
SECTION 1.01.10: Municipal and Provincial Ordinances and Regulations
(a) Local ordinances should conform to the Code and suppletory requirements hereto shall in no case
diminish minimum requirements embodied in this Code. The Secretary of Public Works and
Communications or, in the proper case, the Secretary of Justice shall take any and all appropriate steps
in cases where local ordinances conflict with the Code.
SECTION 1.01.11: Definitions and Tables
(a) The definitions in Annex A and the Tables in Annex B of this Code are hereby adopted as part thereof.
SECTION 1.01.12: Separability Clause
(a) If, for any reason, any section or provision of this Code shall be declared unconstitutional or invalid, no
other section or provision of this Code shall be affected thereby.
SECTION 1.01.13: Repealing Clause
(a) Any and all statutes, orders, ordinances, rules and regulations or parts thereof, inconsistent with the
provisions of this Code, are hereby repealed or modified accordingly.
SECTION 1.01.14: Effectivity
(a) This Code shall take effect upon its approval within the Greater Manila Metropolitan Area and in other
areas where there are already existing local building codes, and four (4) years thereafter, in all other
areas in the Philippines: Provided, however, That this provision shall not prevent any city or municipal
council or board from adopting this Code immediately upon its approval.
Chapter 1.02 - ENFORCEMENT
SECTION 1.02.01: Joint Building and Environmental Planning Research and Standards Commission
(a) Membership. There is hereby created a Joint Building and Environmental Planning Research and
Standards Commission composed of two Senators, two Congressmen, and five other members to be
appointed by the President of the Philippines. The members shall elect a Chairman from among
(1) The President of the Senate shall designate the chairman of the Committee on Housing, Urban
Development and Resettlement and one Senator from the minority party as members of the Commission