OVERLOADING The use of one or more electrical appliances or devices which
draw or consume electrical current beyond the designed capacity of the existing
electrical system.

OWNER The person who holds the legal right of possession or title to a building or
real property.  

OXIDIZING MATERIAL A material that readily yields oxygen in quantities
sufficient to stimulate or support combustion.

where the fuel is subjected to pressure prior to discharge into the combustion
chamber and/or which includes fans or other provisions for the introduction of air at
above normal atmosphere pressure into the same combustion chamber.

PUBLIC ASSEMBLY BUILDING Any building or structure where fifty (50) or
more people congregate, gather, or assemble for any purpose.

PUBLIC WAY Any street, alley or other strip of land unobstructed from the ground
to the sky, deeded, dedicated or otherwise permanently appropriated for public use.

PYROPHORIC Descriptive of any substance that ignites spontaneously when
exposed to air.

REFINING A process where impurities and/or deleterious materials are removed
from a mixture in order to produce a pure element of compound.  It shall also refer
to partial distillation and electrolysis.

SELF-CLOSING DOORS Automatic closing doors that are designed to confine
smoke and heat and delay the spread of fire.

SMELTING Melting or fusing of metallic ores or compounds so as to separate
impurities from pure metals.

SPRINKLER SYSTEM An integrated network of hydraulically designed piping
installed in a building, structure or area with outlets arranged in a systematic pattern
which automatically discharges water when activated by heat or combustion
products from a fire.  

STANDPIPE SYSTEM A system of vertical pipes in a building to which fire hoses
can be attached on each floor, including a system by which water is made available
to the outlets as needed.

VESTIBULE A passage hall or antechamber between the outer doors and the
interior parts of a house or building.

VERTICAL SHAFT An enclosed vertical space of passage that extends from floor
to floor, as well as from the base to the top of the building.  

Section 4.  Applicability of the Code.  The provisions of the Fire Code shall apply
to all persons and all private and public buildings, facilities or structures erected or
constructed before and after its effectivity.

Section 5.  Grace Period.  The owner, administrator or occupant of buildings or
structures existing at the time of the effectivity of the Fire Code is given two (2)
years to comply with the provisions thereof on fire safety constructions and on
protective and warning systems.  However, the Director General of the Integrated
National Police may prescribe a shorter period

depending upon the degree of hazard to be recorded and the cost and extent of the
work to be done.

Section 6.  Responsibility for the Enforcement of this Code.  The Fire Service,
under the direct supervision and control of the Director General of the Integrated
National Police, hereinafter referred to as the “Director General” shall be
responsible for the enforcement of this Code, as well as pertinent provisions of
other laws pertaining to fire protection or fire safety.  With the approval of the
Secretary of National Defense, the Director General is hereby authorized to:

(a) Issue implementing rules and regulations, and prescribe administrative penalties

(b) Reorganize the Fire Service of the Integrated National Police as may be
necessary and appropriate;

(c) Enter into long term agreement, either through public biddings or negotiations to
include advance payments therefor, for the acquisition of fire prevention, fire
protection and fire fighting equipment, supplies and materials and related technical
services necessary for the Fire Service; and

(d) Enter into Memoranda of Agreement with other departments, bureaus, agencies,
offices and corporations of the government, as well as private institutions, in order
to define areas of corporation and coordination and delineate responsibility on fire
prevention education, fire safety, fire prevention, fire suppression and other matters
of common concern.

Section 7.  Technical Staff.  The Director General shall constitute a technical staff of
highly qualified persons who are knowledgeable on fire prevention, fire safety, and
fire suppression.  They may be drawn not only from the organic members of the
Integrated National Police and other government offices and agencies, but also from
other sources.  In the latter case, they will
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